What is the problem that needs to be addressed? Please describe how it is related to mental health.
Mental health consumers are encouraged to develop a Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP https://mentalhealthrecovery.com/wrap-is/) to help understand their experience of a mental illness diagnosis and also manage their life when the situation devolves towards crisis. There is no evidence that healthcare providers, specifically Doctors (MD and DO), are trained on WRAP. WRAP is not mentioned on any material associated with the Psychiatry Resident in Training Exam (https://www.acpsych.org/prite) nor on any Psychiatric Residency Training Program website this submitter has encountered nor experienced. WRAP is not mentioned on any medical insurance documentation. It is unclear if licensed healthcare providers will comply with a client’s WRAP nor if insurance companies will fund any part of a client’s WRAP. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the County of Orange Behavioral Healthcare Agency does not follow a consumer’s WRAP pre-crisis plan/crisis plan. WRAP plans are not assessed for ethics, unhealthy behaviors, case-based trends by diagnosis, best practices, case-based deviations from the WRAP formula that may be helpful, etc. WRAP plans are also not assessed for completeness, coherence, disambiguation, etc. Thus it may be difficult for a provider to understand the true intentions of a WRAP during a crisis. It is hypothesized that a private payor vs. public payor healthcare disparity/inequity exists based upon the use of WRAP.
Why is this a concern for Orange County? What can Orange County and other counties learn from this project?
Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) is a required component of many behavioral health contracts in Orange County. Mental health consumers may be at different levels of recovery and different levels of sophistication with their WRAP. At this time the many other concerns on this issue are not known but anticipated to be many.
What is currently being done to resolve this problem in our county and throughout the United States? If applicable: Is it working; why or why not?
What is new or different about this project idea? Please describe how this differs from what is already being done (Question 6). Please list any research that was done on this topic.
The novel approach for this proposal involves taking a few tools from healthcare and utilizing them together. These tools include 1) The Wellness Recovery Action Plan; 2) The Institutional Review Board for Human Subject Research; 3) (Epidemiology) The ability to find aggregated trends associated with better outcomes; 4) (Epidemiology) The ability to find exceptions to diagnostic criteria by outcome (conduct patient selection); 5) Utilize a recovery mindset to drive behavior change (i.e. stop smoking/substance use, achieve better sleep hygiene, achieve a better diet) via behavior change theory; 6) An orientation tool to maintain a connection to reality during a crisis/prevent delirium; 7) Other tools and methodologies yet to be identified.
What is the project idea? Please describe how this project will operate.
Utilize an Institutional Review Board (IRB) for Human Subject Research methodology for mental health consumers to submit a WRAP for approval to be included as part of the medical record that follows a patient into progressively more invasive care/levels of restraint. The project would have a few separate components/tasks: 1) Pre-Crisis Client Engagement for WRAP approval/feedback based upon ethics and other criteria to eventually be included in the client’s medical record; 2) Epidemiology analytics to asses trends and exceptions which can possibly lead to better care; 3) Client engagement during crisis to maintain orientation/prevent delirium; 4) Cross-agency collaboration to refer the consumer to existing behavior change platforms (i.e. 12-step, New Lung, Independent Living Training) when the client is ready; 5) Contract review to include this project into the workflows of existing healthcare resources; 6) Training for healthcare providers that did not receive WRAP as part of their professional training/licensure exam; 7) Sharing of how mental health consumers may have tailored their WRAP or augmented the WRAP process to include thought processes not previously documented; 8) Other tasks identified during the public comment period/INN review process.